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January 31 - Mostra Convegno Expocomfort, Italian Show

The 34th MCE, Mostra Convegno Expocomfort, the international biennial for domestic and industrial systems, with sectors devoted to heating, air-conditioning, refrigeration, plumbing technology, water treatment and bathrooms, will take place at the Fiera Milano from March 2 to 6, 2004.
The most recent Mostra Convegno Expocomfort confirmed its number one position worldwide (over three thousand exhibitors, more than 140 thousand net square metres, some 150 thousand visitors, 16% of whom came to Italy from the four corners of the world). It also paid considerable attention to the emerging themes of the systems market: energy saving and management to protect the environment, water treatment, the reassessment of those aspects of the interior environment associated with technology, standards and design.
These objective market "signposts" point the way for MCE 2004: a central role for Next Energy, increased emphasis on the water treatment segment and, above all, a new concept for the "Bathroom Halls".
The "halls" have evolved into The Bathroom Show (Il Salone dell'Arredobagno), a genuine show within a show. "The Show - as Anna Patani, MCE's exhibition director explains - aims to satisfy two specific needs. On the one hand there are large, internationally known companies that are looking to promote their brand and their concept through a major exhibition and to raise their profile with the final consumer.
On the other hand, there are small and medium sized Italian companies who primarily compete on the basis of their creativity and who find it extremely useful to meet major customers in an international arena that focuses the spotlight on their quality".
MCE has been launching targeted initiatives in leading countries aimed at major buyers, architects/designers and those who influence purchasing decisions, so that they look to Mostra Convegno Expocomfort as the place to discover technical, aesthetic and commercial trends in the interior environment.

January 29 - RC Offers Wide Range of Package Liquid Chillers

RC group, a major manufacturer of air conditioning equipment headquartered in Italy, manufactures and supplies a wide range of liquid chillers for the global markets. The FRIGO SCREW W.
FHR series units, among others, feature screw compressor with the cooling capacities ranging from 150 to 4000 kW when using refrigerants R22 or R407C, from 90 to 2700 kW when using R134a.
These package chillers are equipped with built-in water-cooled condensers and total heat recovery.
These units are designed, produced and tested according to ISO 9001 standards to assure their compliance to total quality standards. Every component is selected to conform to the main European safety standards.
Main components:

  • Realized with anti corrosion materials, suitable for indoor installation
  • Semi-hermetic screw compressors with oil separator and non return valve on the discharge line.
  • Shell and tube evaporator with one gas circuit for each compressor, steel shell and removable copper tubes, insulated with closed cells polyurethane.
  • Shell and tube water-cooled condenser fitted with double-bundle hydraulic circuit (rejection + reclaim) for total reclaim of condensation heat fitted with safety valve and high pressure gauge.
  • MP99 microprocessor control system.
  • IP42 electric board equipped with: door lock main switch, microprocessor and auxiliary switches.

January 27 - Midea Announces MDV-D Series II Multi System

Midea's New Product Announcement Conference was held grandly at Beijing Great Wall Hotel on October 30. Guangdong Midea Refrigeration Equipment Co. Ltd took this opportunity to unveil their newest and most advanced MDV-D Series II-Modular Multi System.
Compared to the previous Midea MDV-D series, the modular multi commercial AC has realized noticeable improvements in technology. Of greatest significance is that 30 indoor units can be parallelly connected due to the modularized multi system, which expands the max cooling capacity up to 32 hp.
The digital scroll modular multi technology is the significant achievement for Midea and also gives a great impact on the HVAC industry. The modular multi unit, which adopts direct expansion system, is an unavoidable trend. Modular multi commercial AC characterized by its variable capacityadjusting technology can be applied to a wider range of uses. It can be predicted that, thanks to the adoption of the newest and most advanced technology, the modular multi system will bring about technological innovations and thorough upgrading of commercial ACs. Since Midea secured a decisive footing in the commercial AC field in 2000, it has invested a great amount of capital and employed a team of skilled experts with the aim of providing super- quality products to its customers.
These advantages enable the company to stand at a comparatively high platform at the beginning of central AC production. Through 3 year's effort Midea at present owns the largest, most complete, and highly specialized production lines for commercial ACs in China and its sales has grown by leaps and bounds.
Midea MDV-D Series II-Modular Multi System not only symbolizes Midea's leading position in HVAC industry but also signifies Midea's possession of core technology for multi ACs.

January 26 - JARN to Exhibit at AHR Expo 2004 and HVACR JAPAN

JARN will participate in:
AHR Expo 2004 (Booth No. 3346),January 26-28, Anaheim, USA.
HVAC&R JAPAN 2004 (Booth No.A-5), February 3-6,Tokyo, Japan.
JARN staff will welcome the visitors as well as JARN readers at the booth and provide them with the latest editions of JARN magazine and the back numbers. Also, our staff members will visit as many booths as possible and interview the exhibitors, while distributing JARN publications.
JARN will also exhibit at Mostra Convegno Expocomfort which will be held in Milan, Italy from March 3 to 6, 2004.
For further details of the Italian exposition, please refer to the January 25 issue of JARN.

January 25 - LG Launches "Inverter Multi" in Europe

LG Electronics participated in IKK Show, International Trade Fair Refrigeration, Air Conditioning, Ventilation, held in October in Hanover, Germany. Having 24 years of history, IKK Show is the world's largest expo. being participated by 770 exhibitors such as Carrier and York from the USA, Daikin and Mitsubishi Electric from Japan, and Haier from China, and observed by more than 23,000 visitors from the refrigeration and air conditioning industry. LG Electronics unveiled inverter multi air conditioners (ACs). Responding to the tendency in the EU towards mandating the adoption of natural refrigerants in home electric appliances, the new inverter multi RACs have adopted the environmentally friendly refrigerant R410A. "Our inverter multi ACs are 'new concept' ACs capable of being applied to a wider range of uses going beyond the boundary of residential and industrial uses." LG's spokesman said, while showing an intention to create a new trend in Europe by promoting the sales of World's No. 1 AC. In the meantime, LG sets the sales goal in the global market at US$3,500 million in 2005 and US$7,000 million in 2010, and plans to gradually expand the share of system ACs to 50% (US$3,500 million) in 2010.

January 23 - Haier Taking Offensive in Korean Market

China's largest home appliance maker, Haier, is taking the offensive in Korean market by selling its products under its own brand imported from China. Other Chinese makers are also advancing into Korean market.
According to an industry source, an exclusive import/sales agent of Haier is selling wine refrigerators and 4 models (2 types) of home bars imported from China at volume sales shops and some of wine shops from the beginning of October.
So far, a Korean kimchi refrigerator maker has been importing/selling Haier's home appliances on OEM basis. Now, Haier products are sold under own brand for the first time.
Haier's wine refrigerators are sold at about 880,000 ~ 990,000 won at discount shops, being by far lower than the prices of other competitive products available in the domestic market in Korea. While expanding Haier products sales network at 30 shops across Korea, the exclusive import/sales agent plans to increase the import items to ACs, washing machines, etc. in the next year.
Established in 1984, Haier is becoming the top class in total production of home appliances centering around 'white goods' under own brand by surviving the severe competition with other domestic and overseas makers.
In addition to Haier, Little Swan (Xiaoya) is going to enter Korean market with drum-type washing machines.

January 21 - Gree Holds a Grand Opening Ceremony

Gree Phase IV Project has been completed by spending 3 years of time.
The company held the inauguration ceremony on December 8 at the head office in Zhuhai City by inviting about 10,000 guests including distributors of both at home and abroad, installers, government officers, etc. JARN also attended the ceremony.
Zhuhai City, a beautiful southern town, was decorated with posters, banners and streamers. Ms. Dong Mingzhu, General Manager of Gree, served as chairperson of the ceremony, and Mr. Zhu Jianghong, Founder and Chairman, stressed in his speech that Gree aims to become the world leading AC supplier.
"For Gree, the completion of Phase IV Project marks a milestone, and our room, commercial and central AC businesses are getting on the right track." Mr. Zhu stressed additionally in his speech. Gree Phase IV Project inaugurated this time covers 200,000 m2 of total site area with 700 million yuan of total investment. The facilities are used mainly for producing commercial, central and export ACs, R&D center and head office. As a result, the company's yearly AC production capacity becomes 6 million units.
Since the start of construction in 2001, the sheet metal process center, modeling center and physical distribution center have been constructed in turn.
In May 2003, construction of almost all production facilities, R&D Center and Sales Center was completed, and are already in operation.
Among them, commercial and central AC production facilities occupy the largest space in Phase IV Project - 80,000 m2 of site area and more than 150,000 m2 of building area. By operating 10 production lines, 700 models in 8 categories of commercial and residential AC systems are produced, including small household central ACs, Gree Multi Variable (GMV) units and screw chillers.
"We aim at 3,000 million yuan of yearly commercial AC sales." Ms. Dong announced. The newly installed R&D Center accommodates the R&D department comprising room and commercial AC research institutes, trial manufacturing center and test room. 200 million yuan was invested in the test room. The center's researchers and engineers reach 800 including those from overseas.
After the ceremony, visitors were guided into the new central AC factory and showroom. Visitors were attracted by the newest production lines. After the tour, for example, a Russian distributor expressed his impression that he can confidently believe the possibility of expanding Gree product sales in Russia.

January 19 - Matsushita Develops Wind- Solar Power Generation System

Matsushita Eco Systems has announced that from December they would release 3 models of hybrid tower "Kaze- Kamome" (Wind-Seagull) incorporating the power generation system which utilizes two major natural energy sources - wind power and solar light.
Responding to the growing interest in environmental preservation, with the subsidies, increasing number of local governments are willing to introduce new energy systems. There is also increasing demand for independent outdoor power supply units capable of helping security, monitoring, crime prevention.
Released this time are three models: 84W "FY-08TWF1" (Type 08), 168W - 17TWF1 (Type 17), and 344W - 34TWF1 (Type 34).
The main features of these units are as follows: with the standardized external output power sources (except for Type 08), the applications widened.
Also, new models can not only be used as lighting units but also as networked cameras and other information equipments.
Thanks to adoption of Matsushita's ring fluorescent lamps, about 7 luxes of illuminance, about 3 times as high as that of predecessor models, can be secured on the floor 3 m away from the tower in the case of 18W lamps. Either 15W, 18W, 28W or 41W can be chosen according to use. The standard lighting time is about 7 hours for Type 08 when 15W lamps are used, and about 15 hours for Type 34 when 28W lamps are used.
Photovoltaic power generation is made by a combination of high-efficiency monocrystalline silicon cells and light-through modules. Wind power generation is made by means of savonius windmill which features low noise and high safety.

January 17 - International Seminar on Natural Refrigerants

An international seminar on Natural Refrigerants will be held in Tokyo on February 5, 2004. The seminar is chaired by Prof. Eiji Hihara with English as the official language. This seminar focuses on the latest technology, international standards, market trends, and further prospects for natural refrigerants in the world.
Four lectures Carbon Dioxide Technology in Europe, by Petter Neksa, SINTEF Energy Research A.S., Norway.
1) Research and Development of Carbon Dioxide Technology in Europe, by Petter Neksa, SINTEF Energy Research A.S., Norway.
2) The Use of Natural Fluids in Refrigeration and Heat Pump Systems in Europe, by Kim Christensen, Danish Technological Institute, Denmark.
3) Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Systems-Challenges and Recent Achievements, by Predrag Hrnjak, University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign, USA.
4) Research and Development of Natural Refrigerant Technology in Japan, by Eiji Hihara, The University of Tokyo, Japan.
The seminar is organized and sponsored by the School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo (UT), and by the Heat Pump & Thermal Storage Technology Center of Japan (HPTCJ). This seminar is planned as part of a two-day event. On February 6, the seminar will continue with lectures in Japanese.
In addition, this seminar has been tied in with the HVAC&R JAPAN exhibition at Tokyo International Exhibition Center from February 3 to 6, 2004.
The venue of the seminar is Sanjio Conference Hall, The University of Tokyo at Hongo campus.

January 15 - Lennox Introduces New Rooftop Units "BALTIC"

Lennox introduces Baltic, the latest addition to its European rooftop range. With a cooling capacity of 20 to 50 kW, "Baltic" is specially designed to air-condition small-sized buildings, such as minimarkets, fast-food restaurants and petrol stations.
The New Generation Rooftop from Lennox
The Baltic is the fruit of two years of research and development work, based on optimizing the technical choices made in the development of other Lennox rooftops: greater compactness, greater reliability and easier maintenance.
Market expectations in terms of reduced product operating costs were also at the heart of Baltic's design: the gas burning equipment has an output of 93%, the most efficient performance on the market.
Less costly when it comes to transport and maintenance, Baltic was also designed to optimize energy consumption: for example, Baltic is stackable and specially designed for transport by truck.
Equipped with a new patented dynamic defrosting system, Baltic's defrosting time is reduced to a minimum.
The standard version offers alternate circuit-by-circuit defrosting, to reduce the costly use of the electric battery: when a circuit defrosts, the second circuit continues to produce heat. In addition, the percentage of outside air introduced into the circuit can now be monitored with precision.
With Baltic, heat production cycles are optimized, thanks to the new, highly ergonomic Climatic50 regulation device, the beneficiary of 20 years of unrivalled rooftop experience and expertise.
The quality of air has also been studied with the addition of a removable, washable condensate tray, to prevent bacterial growth.
When it comes to servicing and maintenance, all pressure and display control connections are external, so the technician no longer has to open the product, making his job so much easier.

January 14 - International Seminar on Natural Refrigerants

An international seminar on Natural Refrigerants will be held in Tokyo on February 5, 2004. The seminar is chaired by Prof. Eiji Hihara with English as the official language. This seminar focuses on the latest technology, international standards, market trends, and further prospects for natural refrigerants in the world.
Four lectures Carbon Dioxide Technology in Europe, by Petter Neksa, SINTEF Energy Research A.S., Norway.

  1. Research and Development of Carbon Dioxide Technology in Europe, by Petter Neksa, SINTEF Energy Research A.S., Norway.
  2. The Use of Natural Fluids in Refrigeration and Heat Pump Systems in Europe, by Kim Christensen, Danish Technological Institute, Denmark.
  3. Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Systems-Challenges and Recent Achievements, by Predrag Hrnjak, University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign, USA.
  4. Research and Development of Natural Refrigerant Technology in Japan, by Eiji Hihara, The University of Tokyo, Japan.
The seminar is organized and sponsored by the School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo (UT), and by the Heat Pump & Thermal Storage Technology Center of Japan (HPTCJ).
This seminar is planned as part of a two-day event. On February 6, the seminar will continue with lectures in Japanese.
In addition, this seminar has been tied in with the HVAC&R JAPAN exhibition at Tokyo International Exhibition Center from February 3 to 6, 2004.
The venue of the seminar is Sanjio Conference Hall, The University of Tokyo at Hongo campus.

January 13 - Hitachi to Supply Smaller Refrigerators from Xinfei, China

Hitachi Home & Life Solutions Co. (Hitachi H&L) signed an agreement with Henan Xinfei Electric Co., Ltd. (Xinfei), China, on the supply of OEM-based refrigerators under Hitachi brand shipped to Japanese market.
Hitachi H&L has manufactured small and middle-sized refrigerators for Japanese market and also those for overseas markets at Hitachi Consumer Products (Thailand), Ltd. (HCPT), a manufacturing subsidiary in Thailand. At present, large-sized 2-door refrigerators based on the global design are selling well and are expected to increase the sales. In the meanwhile, confining HCPT’s products to larger models, Hitachi H&L has been seeking a partner supplying capable of smaller models including 1-door refrigerators for Japanese market. This time, the company has chosen Xinfei as an ideal partner, agreeing to commence OEM supply to Japanese market and to establish further cooperative relations.
The two companies reached an agreement through the cooperation of Mitsui Corporation (Mitsui Corp.). Prior to this, Hong Leong Asia Ltd., Xinfei’s largest shareholder in Singapore, which has been a partner of Mitsui Corp. for several decades inquired Mitsui Corp. about possible expansion of various chances in the refrigerator business, mediating.
Xinfei is one of top refrigerator makers in China having an extensive sales network throughout China under “Frestech” brand supported by large production capabilities, and a wide range of high quality product lines. At present, direct-cooled refrigerators, smaller refrigerators and bottom freezer type refrigerators are the mainstream in Chinese market, and Xinfei has powerful development and production capabilities in these segments.
For the first step based on the agreement, Hitachi H&L starts supplying smaller direct-cooled refrigerators below 200 liters made by Xinfei under Hitachi brand from April 2004. From now on, while confining HCPT’s products to larger models, Hitachi H&L intends to expand the supply from Xinfei of smaller direct-cooled models for Japanese market.
Based on this agreement, both companies also examine the possibilities of expansion of OEM-based product lines under Hitachi brand and also joint development.

January 12 - MHI Develops New Humidifier Using Permeative System

Jointly with MHI Refrigerating & AC Equipment Co., Ltd., Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (MHI) has developed a new-type humidifier "nanomist" adopting the industry's first permeative system developed by applying the characteristics of shape-memory polymers used in sportswear. Released from December 2003, MHI aims to sell several thousand units within fiscal 2003 and 50,000 ~ 60,000 units in 2004. With emphasis on energy saving, maintenance-free and clean humidification features, the company intends to strengthen unique foothold in the humidifier market where hybrid systems are becoming popular.
The new product is an epoch-making humidifier system which performs humidification by using a permeative material (poreless membrane) developed by applying the shape-memory polymer technology which was developed by MHI by adopting the latest "nano" technology. By passing water through the permeative membrane, water is discharged as nano-sized molecules.
This characteristic is utilized for humidification.
Fine molecules of water sized at one billionth are very clean, since they alone can pass through the permeative membrane, while larger matters such as bacteria, viruses and mold are not allowed to pass. Additionally, only by blowing air without a heater, it can provide large humidifying capacity (65% of rated capacity 550 ml) 62% savings on energy.
Since "nanomist" is capable of humidification without a heater, it realizes 62% savings on energy compared to the company's steam-fan type humidifiers, according to the company.

January 11 - Hitachi to Reorganize Commercial AC Business

Hitachi Air Conditioning Systems Co., Ltd. and Hitachi Industries Co., Ltd. held a press conference on December 4 at a hotel in Tokyo, concerning the reorganization of their commercial air conditioning business, announcing that they basically agreed to separate Hitachi Industries' Refrigeration-Heating Division to be taken over by Hitachi Air Conditioning Systems as of April 1, 2004.
By this reorganization, development of technology, manufacture and sales can be integrated to meet the market changes and needs more quickly than before and offer a wide variety of solutions.
Mr. Yoshihiko Nakayama, President of Hitachi AC Systems, said, "We intend to expand our share of overseas large-chiller market by utilizing Hitachi Air Conditioning Systems' overseas production facilities to locally produce centrifugal and absorption chillers." As to overseas factories, the company has operated PACs and positive displacement chiller production facilities in Guangzhou in Guangdong Province, China.
"We plan to enable shipments of centrifugal and absorption chillers by the end of next year at the latest by constructing their manufacturing facilities within the premises of our factory in Guangzhou, China. We intend to supply large chillers from Guangzhou factory to meet demand of not only Chinese domestic market but also that of Southeast Asian markets." added Mr. Nakayama.
Concerning the orders received by Hitachi Industries before March 31, 2004, Hitachi Air Conditioning Systems will basically assume responsibility for delivery to customers after April 1, 2004.

January 10 - Fedders and WFI Industries Announce China Strategic Alliance

Fedders Corporation and WFI Industries announced they have entered into a strategic alliance to build water source heat pumps in China. Fedders will produce the units in China for sale by WFI Industries Ltd. in China and Korea under the WaterFurnace brand. WaterFurnace is the leading geothermal heat pump manufacturer in North America and Fedders Corporation is a leading global manufacturer of air treatment products, with fiscal 2003 sales of $422 million.
The products will be manufactured at Fedders Xinle Co., Ltd, in Ningbo, China, which is one of seven Fedders China factories. Fedders Xinle has a one million square foot heating and air conditioning plant capable of producing a million units per year. The plant has been ISO 9001 certified and utilizes state of the art manufacturing processes and equipment.
Bruce Ritchey, CEO of WFI Industries, said, "This is a historic day for our company. We pride ourselves on being the leader in geothermal technology here in North America, but have not aggressively competed in the global market. This venture will give us the cost structure and critical mass to allow us to design and build products specifically for the emerging geothermal markets in China and Korea. This is good news for Fort Wayne. It means we will see an immediate increase in work for our engineering, manufacturing and training support people. It does not send local manufacturing jobs to China."
James R. Shields, Chairman of WFI Industries, noted, "Fedders is a perfect partner for us. They have extensive manufacturing as well as international headquarters for engineering and manufacturing in China. They have the facilities, contacts and knowledge to build our type of product. This alliance will allow us to ramp up quickly to meet the growing market demand. This agreement will not affect production in Fort Wayne, but will allow the company to compete in markets not previously available to it."
About the China Geothermal Market:
The new construction market in China is the largest in the world and growing rapidly. Energy conservation and environmental protection are primary concerns, so the government has mandated that all new buildings adopt renewable energy technologies. Geothermal heating and cooling is one of the approved renewable energy technologies, and provides promise for wide-scale use.

January 9 - Environmental Benefits of Deep Water Usage Explored

In looking for ways to lessen energy use and environmental impacts, designers of cooling systems are reaching new depths - the cold, deep waters of nearby lakes and seas. While such projects have been few in number, their results have been considerable. According to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), use of lake source cooling in Ithaca, N.Y., resulted in 87 percent energy savings, while a 75 percent reduction is anticipated in a Canadian project.
"Cornell University uses lake source deep water supplying over 18,000 tons of cooling for its campus," Alex Sleiman, District Energy St. Paul Inc., St. Paul, Minn., said. "The city of Stockholm uses the Baltic Sea to supply over 70,000 tons of cooling to its district-heating customers. The city of Toronto is in the process of implementing an extension to its district cooling system to supply deep water cooling from Lake Ontario."
Energy use reduction and environmental benefits of deep water usage will be discussed in a seminar chaired by Sleiman at ASHRAE 2004 Winter Meeting. The meeting takes place Jan. 24-28, Anaheim, California.
The seminar will be held from 8-10 a.m. Sunday, Jan. 25. It is sponsored by ASHRAE's technical committee on district energy.
A lake source cooling project at Cornell University, which earned an ASHRAE Technology Award in 2002, replaced central campus refrigeration based chillers with a new source based on the cold deep waters of nearby Cayuga Lake.
"The system was a $58 million investment made by the university to reduce the future cost of cooling facilities, reduce energy use, eliminate the use of CFC refrigerants, reduce system complexity and maintenance, reduce environmental impact associated with energy use, and extend the life of the system," speaker W.S. "Lanny" Joyce, P.E., Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., said.
Since its start-up in July 2000, the project has averaged greater than 85 percent reduction in energy use delivered to the buildings, and the system's ease of operation has exceeded original expectations, he said.
Deep water cooling and heat pump cooling systems using lakes and seas as a heat sink have been used successfully in Scandinavia for more than 15 years, according to speaker Mark Spurr, FVB Energy Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota.


Ceremony To Take Place at 2004 Show In Anaheim
The winners of the second annual AHR Expo Innovation Awards have been announced by the program sponsors. The most innovative products among the thousands on display at the 2004 AHR Expo have been selected as winners in eight specific categories:

  • heating
  • cooling
  • refrigeration
  • ventilation
  • indoor air quality
  • energy management
  • tools & instruments
  • and software.
Representing a broad cross-section of HVAC&R products from leading manufacturers around the world, product entries were judged for innovation, application, value to user, and market impact. A panel of judges, made up of ASHRAE members selected for their exceptional knowledge of the industry and its products, reviewed and evaluated all submissions. The 2004 awards program generated a total of 107 entries. The show will take place from January 26-28 at the Anaheim Convention Center.
"We were very pleased with the wide range and high quality of product submissions we received for the second year of the award," said Clay Stevens, president of IEC. "We see this as a win-win situation for everyone involved. The industry benefits from learning about new product innovation, and the winning companies are recognized for their excellence," Stevens emphasized.
Designed to encourage product innovation, the competition is jointly sponsored by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE); the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI); and International Exposition Company (IEC), producers and organizers of the AHR Expo. An award in each of the eight categories will be presented to the winners at a special reception during the 2004 AHR Expo.

January 7 - Earthship Introduces Air Cycle Refrigeration System

December, 2003, Earthship USA, Inc., Fremont, CA introduced AIRS50, the first commercially available air cycle refrigeration system that produces air as low as -77°C / -106°F. AIRS50 is a state-of-the-art air cycle refrigeration system that utilizes only air, therefore, it is both CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) free and ammonia free. It is completely devoid of any CO2 emission and other harmful chemicals that cause ozone layer depletion. AIRS50 is a safe and cost-effective alternative for temperature reaching -30°C and below and is designed with the intention to protect and safeguard the future of the earth without sacrificing the power of modern technology.
AIRS50 is available in two models: AIRS50-30 is the 5 RT (refrigeration ton) unit producing air at -30°C/-22°F and is available in March 2004 and AIRS50-60 is the 5 RT unit producing air at -77°C/-106°F to be released in July 2004.
AIRS50 is an air cycle system comprised of few but highly advanced components (turbine, booster, heat exchanger, defroster and controller) that significantly reduce installation time and maintenance costs.
AIRS50 does not use any CFC-related or other substitute coolants that cause environmental hazards, making it perfectly safe when leakage occurs. The maximum pressure inside the refrigeration system is less than 2 atmospheric pressure, therefore extra safety precautions and regulatory measures are not required. Defrosting process is also unnecessary inside the warehouse.
With patented technology, the system is capable to producing very low temperature efficiently by initially having air sucked in from the refrigerated room by the booster compressor.
AIRS50 measures at approximately 2m Width x 2m Depth x 2.2m Length. Not only is the system easy to maintain, it does not require the extra step of replenishing the refrigerants. At less than 2 atmospheric pressure, running cost is greatly reduced and poses zero risk of contaminating the refrigerated goods and polluting the atmosphere.
AIRS50 can be utilized in various industries such as refrigerated / frozen warehouses, grocery delivery centers, ship containers, air cargo, rapid-food freezing, pharmaceutical production, and air-conditioning systems. Air Cycle systems in general also produce a great amount of heat for hot water, which is applicable in areas such as hotels, hospitals, and leisure centers where hot water service is needed.
By contrast, using air cycle, supersaturated air at chill temperatures can be produced, extending the range of conditions and enabling greater overall cost savings than when using rapid chilling, without damaging product quality. The new advancement in turbine technology coupled with the development of compact heat exchangers and other unique components set the foundation of AIRS50, making it a highly desirable and competitive refrigeration system in the market today.

January 6 - The Untapped Indian HVACR Market - ARI's View -

According to Mr. Zubin Dastoor, ARI Director of Certification Programs, India's HVACR market is poised for growth. The Indian market is growing at a fast pace in response to the growing popularity of air conditioning among a growing educated middle class population, an increase in energy efficiency awareness, and a strong economy that promotes not only production for domestic consumption, but also for exports.
ARI recently attended India's second biannual ISHRAE (Indian Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers) Technical Conference called ACRECONF. The three day conference was held in New Delhi, India and attracted over 400 engineers from all over India as well as engineers from overseas. This year's conference theme was "Emerging Technologies."
Market Size/Trends - The penetration of household refrigerators in India, the fifth largest consumer durable, is only 13%. The penetration of household air-conditioners is lower in India at around 1%. Commercial refrigeration also has low penetration.
Commercial A/C's have moderate penetration and cold chains are still at a nascent stage. A comparison of per capita annual commercial sales of HVACR equipment illustrates the low level of penetration in India. Sales (U.S. dollars) in the U.S. are at $200 per capita, $3 per capita in China and $0.25 in India.
In the commercial refrigeration market the cold chain infrastructure in the country is poor and contributes to an annual loss of RS 300 billion ($6.6 billion) worth of horticultural produce. What this indicates is that there is a large untapped market ripe for ARI members. The Indian government is already working on ways to develop and promote imports and exports. Excise duties are dropping; currently they are at 16%. Conversely, there are multiple challenges. The service industry is disorganized, and lacks educated, trained technicians, proper tools and safety equipment. Service itself is under-valued by both the industry and consumers. The country also lacks standards in terms of building codes.
The government, builders, architects, consultants, manufacturers, and industry players will all have to act to enforce change.
India's economy appears to be following what some observers call the "Elephant Paradigm" - It is moving forward slowly but wisely.
Source: ARI Coolnet


Carrier Corporation's Aero family of central station air handling units has expanded to offer new solutions for the largest commercial air handling requirements.
For applications demanding up to 33,000 cubic feet per minute (CFM) of air delivery, Carrier's Aero 39M unit - previously only offered up to size 30 - is now available up to size 61. For applications requiring greater than 33,000 CFM, Carrier introduces the new Aero 39R, available in sizes 72 to 110, handling up to 55,000 CFM.
Both the new 39M and the 39R share the Aero family's traits of rugged modular construction, installation flexibility, superior acoustics and custom air handler features with standard unit pricing and lead time.
The New, Larger Aero 39M
For air handling applications requiring up to 33,000 CFM, Carrier has announced the expansion of its Aero 39M air handling unit up to size 61.
The 39M's structural frame with pre-painted laminate panel construction withstands pressures up to 9-inch water gauge, easily meeting most design conditions while maintaining structural integrity. An AgION? antimicrobial coating is applied to each unit's inner panel liner to suppress the growth of bacteria, molds, mildew, fungi and other microbes. A sealed panel double wall R-13 insulation system means no exposed insulation, which helps to keep insulation fibers from entering into the air stream.
From a maintenance perspective, the 39M has no exposed metal edges to rust or injure field personnel. Panels are removed with a simple tool for cleaning and for easy access to all components. Hinged panels are available to simplify access to the units. A standard 16-gauge G-90 pre-painted, galvanized 6" base rail raises the 39M up and off the floor away from any potential standing moisture.

January 4 - ACRA 2004
The 2nd Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning

May 12 - 13, 2004
Organizer: Chinese Association of Refrigeration (CAR);
Beijing Association of Refrigeration
Co-Sponsor: International Institute of Refrigeration
Venue: China Hall of Science and Technology
Conference Theme: New Contribution to Asian Sustainable Development
Background: ACRA is a forum for exchange of scientific and industrial know-how for Asian experts, scholars and technicians in RHVAC field. Its objective is to promote the development of Asian RHVAC technology and its applications. This conference is held every two years, the 1st conference (ACRA2002) was organized by JASARE in December, 2002 in Kobe, Japan.

January 3 - Cooline triumphs in GCC Brand Awards

Cooline, Zamil Air Conditioners' (ZAC) international flagship brand of air conditioners emerged triumphant in the 'Best GCC Brand of the Decade Award', beating hundreds of contenders to win in the FMCG - Consumer Durables Category.
The event, which was held at Mina A'Salam, Madinat Jumeirah in Dubai, United Arab Emirates on November 30, 2003, was organized by Gulf Marketing Review (GMR) and was audited by Ipsos Stats and AMEinfo.
The awards recognize the achievements of Arab companies and individuals in developing and establishing their brands within the Middle East during the last decade and according to Abdulla Al Zamil, Senior Vice President, ZAC, the award for Cooline underscores its strategic brand building efforts, which include globalization and the formation of alliances with reputed business partners around the world.
'On behalf of Zamil Air Condiitoners I would like to say that it is a privilege to receive this award which honors the values of our Cooline brand of air conditioners and of course to the dedication of our workforce which is committed to delivering upon the promises of our brand every day across more than 55 countries in the Middle East, Europe, America, Africa, Australia and the Far East,' he said.
ZAC was formed in 1974 and is the oldest and largest manufacturer of air conditioning products with an impeccable history in producing premium quality products in the Middle East. Cooline, which drew upon this strength, was first introduced in direct response to export demands in the late '80s.
'The commitment of our workforce and of Cooline distributors around the region is largely responsible for this honor due to the fact that they remain steadfast to a common brand strategy,' added Shaker Almoussa, General Manager, Cooline. 'This strategy permeates all angles of the brand and incorporates R&D, manufacturing, sales and marketing activities as well as the provision of after sales services.

January 2 - Fuel Cell Races for 2005 Commercialization

Fuel cell related makers are increasingly launching primary components made in Japan. This is because that the establishment of safety standards of inflammable and explosive hydrogen is promptly expected for the hydrogen's home and vehicle usage.
They intend to forestall the competition in cost and the development of technology, prior to full-scale commercialization in 2005.
In order to build a hydrogen station under the current regulations, it is necessary to secure more than 11 m of safety distance from private houses.
Vehicles with fuel cell are subjected to restrictions when they enter the underground parking lot or water-bottom tunnel.
Meanwhile, Hitachi Industries has developed high-pressure compressor for hydrogen station which supplies hydrogen to fuel-cell cars. This compressor can charge hydrogen at 400 atmospheric pressure (atm). The company will start to deliver the compressor at the price of about \10 million/ unit. The company is developing an 840 atm type required for next-generation cars.
Japanese Government sets about full-scale running tests on fuel-cell cars from this year, aimed to collect data by August 2004 and examine possible relaxation of regulations. In the spring of 2005 new safety standards will be prepared and conditions for commercialization established. The USA and Europe are also going to prepare safety standards in 2005.
Japanese Government sets the target number of fuel-cell cars at 50,000 units in 2010 and 5,000,000 units in 2020. As for home-use cogeneration systems, the government also plans to diffuse units with 1 kW of output into 2,100,000 homes. Makers can secure their favorable position in the huge market, if they can prepare mass production system in a year and a half.

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